The Charles Wadsworth Camp Mystery

Passport photo of Charles Wadsworth Camp

The following is an edited collection of my various blog entries on Charles Wadsworth Camp, all brought together in one place for easier access. The “mystery” lies in this question: Is Charles Wadsworth Camp’s minimal internet presence due to lack of interest in his work, or is the lack of interest due to his minimal internet presence?

“No one,” the doctor answered, “can say what psychic force is capable of doing. Some scientists have started to explore, but it is still uncharted country.”  – from The Abandoned Room, By Wadsworth Camp (1879 – 1936)

Why is there almost no biographical information about Charles Wadsworth Camp on the internet? Almost all references to Mr. Camp appear in the numerous biographies of his famous daughter, Madeleine L’Engle. But Camp was also a writer. There are movies based on his work. His books are available for purchase in both used and new editions. The ebook versions range from free to 96¢, and some of his novels are freely accessable online.

Camp’s The Abandoned Room (Public Domain) is a little gem of a murder mystery with supernatural overtones. The story is briskly paced, for the most part, with a sustained  atmosphere of spookiness.  The denouement is no less satisfying than many of the Sherlock Holmes adventures. The Gray Mask is a fun crime serial, part Dick Tracey and part Green Hornet.

Charles Wadsworth Camp, also known as simply Wadsworth Camp, was born on October 18, 1879 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and died on October 30, 1936 in Jacksonville, Florida. This intrigues me because I live in Jacksonville, and it is my intention to find out exactly where Mr. Camp lived and if he wrote any of his novels or articles while residing here.

I sent an email to the Madeleine L’Engle website. After all, L’Engle’s parents were Wadsworth Camp and Madeleine Hall Barnett, and, although L’Engle passed away in 2007, maybe the mangers of her web site can fill me in. Maybe they are even planning a big Wadsworth Camp publicity campaign, even as I write this, which will make my research moot. Maybe my email will inspire them to initiate a big publicity campaign. See, that’s one of the problems with research. It’s like when scientists try to observe the position of a sub-atomic particle, the very act of observing the particle changes it’s position.

The reply from L’Engle’s web site came back the next day, “Bill, we are not aware of any resources online about Mr. Camp. Sorry. Thanks for your interest.”

Continuing my web search, I found some vital information in a New Yorker profile of Madeleine L’Engle, written by Cynthia Zarin, which gives us the spectacle of an alligator climbing up the steps of L’Engle’s Florida home before she moves to New York and lives in an apartment below Leonard Bernstein.

“Madeleine L’Engle Camp was born in 1918 in New York City, the only child of Madeleine Hall Barnett, of Jacksonville, Florida, and Charles Wadsworth Camp, a Princeton man and First World War veteran, whose family had a big country place in New Jersey, called Crosswicks. In Jacksonville society, the Barnett family was legendary: Madeleine’s grandfather, Bion Barnett, the chairman of the board of Jacksonville’s Barnett Bank, had run off with a woman to the South of France, leaving behind a note on the mantel.” – from Cynthia Zarin’s profile of Madeleine L’Engle in The New Yorker.

Zarin goes on to say, “Madeleine found Florida stultifying and surreal. “One afternoon, she watched an alligator pick its way up the porch steps.”

She’s lucky she wasn’t here in Florida during the vote recount/hanging-chad debacle, which was stultifying, surreal, and felt like an alligator creeping ever closer.

I hold in my hand the official death certificate of Charles Wadsworth Camp. The trade/profession section contains the one word I can only hope will appear someday on mine: Writer.

According to this document, a Dr. E. C. Swift attended the ailing author from Octber 29th until his death at 1:40 PM on October 31st, 1936. This differs from what I found online at sites like IMDb, which always list his last day as October 30. Could it be that he or a member of his family wanted to avoid any mention of Halloween?

The cause of death is blocked out, but only because I’m not a member of the family, and we know that Camp died from pneumonia at age 57. The most common story is that Camp’s lungs were already weakened by mustard gas during WWI, leaving him especially vulnerable to respiratory disease. But the April 14, 2004 issue of the New Yorker features a profile of Camp’s daughter, author Madeleine L’Engle, in which a member of Camp’s family tells Cynthia Zarin, “(Camp) used to smoke Rameses cigarettes… he used to drink a lot…Uncle Charles was not ailing in his life. He was a big, handsome man in a white linen suit smoking cigarettes on the porch and drinking whiskey. He was a favorite of my mother’s, and she was a talker, and she never mentioned anything about him being gassed in the war.” This strikes me as a very weak argument that Camp’s medical problems were related to anything other than mustard gas. For one thing, many people choose not to talk at great length about war experiences.  An off-hand remark by a relative that their mother didn’t talk about Camp’s war-time brush with mustard gas it doesn’t make it untrue. And a lot more people smoked cigarettes in those days, and millions of people drink whiskey.

Charles Wadsworth Camp
Camp’s novel “The Gray Mask” was first published as a serial in Collier’s magazine in 1915. Evergreen Cemetery in Jacksonville, FL is the resting place for Charles Wadsworth Camp and his wife, Madeleine Barnett Camp.

Camp’s residence is listed as “Red Gables” at Jacksonville Beach, Florida. It says that he had lived in this area for three years before his death, which means he probably did not write any of his mystery books here, but he was also a critic and an editor, so it’s possible that he did some work in Jacksonville.

The following is a cropped section of an image I found in an excellent ebook called World’s Finest Beach by Donald J. Mabry (used by permission). Mr. Mabry informs me that the phone book listing is dated incorrectly and should actually say 1936. This explained why only Mrs. C. W. Camp is listed, as 1936 is the year Camp died.

Jacksonville Beach 1938 - 1936 Directory

And thanks to the Beaches Area Historical Society at Jacksonville Beach, Florida, for these photos of the Red Gables “beach cottage” where Charles Wadsworth Camp lived out his final years. At the next opportunity I will drive to the spot where Red Gables once stood, find out what’s there now, and hopefully find a few local beach people who remember the place.

Red Gables
”Illyria” or Red Gables beach cottage built by Mrs. William Johnson L’Engle on ocean front (a section of 1st Street). The photo is property of the Beaches Area Historical Society.
On January 7, 2010, someone named W. Orth made an excellent suggestion in the comment section of one of my blog entries, “Some biographical material can be found in Madeleine L’Engle’s book Summer of the Great Grandmother, written primarily about her mother, although including info about her father as well. L’Engle’s other non-fiction works include info about her parents via stories of her own growing-up years.”

I’ve considered myself a Madeleine L’Engle fan since I first read A Wrinkle In Time as a 10 year old in the 1960s, but only recently have I come to appreciate L’Engle’s formidable abiltity to address serious issues like life and death in prose that is both simple and profound.

Thanks to a comment by W. Orth on my last Wadsworth Camp installment, I have discovered the wonderful world of  The Crosswicks Journals, which consists of the following four autobiographical books by Madeleine L’Engle:

I read Summer of the Great-Grandmother first. It is actually the 2nd book in the list. The “great-grandmother” in the title is Madeleine L’Engle’s 90 year old mother, the great-grandmother of L’Engle’s grandchildren. The “summer” refers to a time when all four generations were gatherd together in the large Connecticut farmhouse known as Crosswicks, the home of Madeleine and her actor husband, Hugh Franklin. It’s a moving and honestly human account by L’Engle about caring for her mother, a once-brilliant and adventerous woman in the throes of advancing senility.

Now I’m reading A Circle of Quiet. Years ago, in a creative writing class, we read excerpts from this book. I had almost forgotten about it, but the wit and wisdom must have entered my subconcious mind. It feels like I’m picking up where I left off with an old friend. A Circle of Quiet may very well be one of my favorite books of all time. You don’t have to be an aspiring writer to enjoy the book, and it can be enjoyed by children, teenagers, or adults.

One thing I admire about L’Engle is that, according to Donald Hettinga in Christianity Today, “(L’Engle) has been perceived as too worldly by some conservative Christian audiences and too dogmatically Christian by some secular audiences . . . Ministers preach sermons against her; books and articles denounce her and any Christians who evaluate her work favorably or even evenly; librarians in Christian schools and churches handle her books as though they carried dangerous heresies, sometimes relegating them to back shelves where patrons must ask specifically for them, and sometimes banning them altogether.”

I can’t recall reading anything by L’Engle that seemed remotely dogmatic. In the book I’m reading, for example, she says, “The artist’s response to the irrationality of the world is to paint or sing or write, not to impose restrictive rules but to rejoice in pattern and meaning, for there is something in all artists which rejects coincidence and accident.” That almost sounds like a William S. Burroughs sentiment.

L’Engle is not afraid to express doubt, nor does she downplay the importance of common sense and and mental health science to get through a hard time. She was apparently the way I imagine Maud Newton to be, although I don’t know if Maud would approve of that statement.

But this blog entry is supposed to be about Wadsworth Camp, so let me move on to Mister C.

In The Summer of the Great-grandmother, Madeleine L’Engle tells us that her mother, Madeleine Hall Barnett and her father, Charles Wadsworth Camp, were married in Jacksonville, Florida and went to nearby Saint Augustine for a brief honeymoon, where they stayed at the Ponce de Leon hotel. They then moved to New York, where Camp worked as a newspaper reporter, writing reviews of plays, operas, and concerts. Camp dressed elegantly every evening, whether he was eating dinner at home or taking the horse-drawn trolley a theater or concert hall. Many of their friends were msuicians.

L’Engle tells this story:

“One hot summer evening, long before I was born, (my mother) walked through the hall and glanced at the etching of Castle Conway and said, ‘Oh, Charles (Camp), it’s so hot. I wish we could go to Castle Conway,’ ‘Come on!’ he cried, and swept her out of the house without toothbrush or change of clothes, and into a taxi, and by midnight they were on a ship sailing across the Atlantic. In those days a trip could be as spontaneous as that. My parents were not poor, but neither were they, by today’s standards, affluent. Father was a playwright and journalist, and their pocketbook waned and swelled like the moon; this must have been one of the full-moon cycles.”

My research on Charles Wadsworth Camp will continue. For now, in honor of Jacksonville Beach, here is another quote from Madeleine L’Engle:

If I frequently use the analogy of the underwater area of our minds, it may be because the ocean is so strong a part of my childhood memories, and of my own personal mythology. If I am away from the ocean for long, I get a visceral longing for it. It was at the ocean that I first went outdoors at night and saw the stars. I must have been very little, but I will never forget being held in someone’s arms – Mother’s, Father’s, Dearma’s, someone I loved and trusted enough so that all I remember is being held, and seeing the glory of the night sky over the ocean. – Excerpt from The Summer of the Great-grandmother (1974, Farrar, Straus and Giroux), Chapter 8, by Madeleine L’Engle

47 responses to “The Charles Wadsworth Camp Mystery”

  1. Thank you for contacting me, Mr.Eeds. I just now saw your comment here. I’d be happy for you to quote anything I’ve written about Wadsworth Camp. I’m not really sure how to contact you. My email is

  2. […] Broadway play which was, in turn, adapted from the novel by Madeleine L’Engle‘s father, Wadsworth Camp; Leni died from blood poisoning eight months after the film’s release. Flicker Alley’s […]

  3. Jonathan Eeds Avatar
    Jonathan Eeds

    Hi Bill,

    I’m the publisher for Bruin Books and we are preparing a new edition of Camp’s THE HOUSE OF FEAR. I was interested in using some of the information you’ve researched about the author. Can you contact me regarding this? Thanks. Jonathan Eeds, Bruin Books

  4. Growing up, I read (and re-read) a wonderful romance/mystery by Wadsworth Camp called The Forbidden Years. The copyright is 1930. Much, much later, I realized that he was Madeleine’s father. I wrote her in 2004 to tell her how much I loved her father’s book. In response, I received a handwritten note from Charlotte stating that she had never read any of her great grand-father’s books but would remedy that on my recommendation. She said that she thought the copyright had most likely expired. If anyone has access to The Forbidden Years, I highly recommend it.

  5. You’re right! These are great.

  6. Wow today’s find: And now I can see why the granddaughters, who keep the MLCF archives and legacy, shut you out of their information circle, take a look at this announcement they made earlier this year: “Madeleine’s granddaughters Léna Roy, author and Charlotte Jones Voiklis sent the final draft of their biography to copyediting this week! It will spend about 9 months in production, and you can look for Becoming Madeleine L’Engle: A Biography by her Granddaughters in February 2018!” This was posted on the official MLCF Facebook page.

    Also in the photos section are a couple of real gems:

  7. I’m going to do that, too.

  8. Isn’t it? Just as a practice exercise, I just made 4 incredible screen grabs from that footage of MLC alone in a frame w/ her father!

  9. The film footage is fantastic!

  10. Priceless footage. Listen and you can “hear” MLC spin creative narrative conclusions just as her daughter Josephine described in the interview cited above

  11. I’m seeing some flaws in my who-descended-from-whom logic, Bill. Be back tomorrow with a straighter head on my shoulders…

  12. I saw that same photo on Mr. Camp’s Find-a-grave entry @ Evergreen Cemetery, Jacksonville FL.

    As to credit for these finds, nahhhh. I’d rather not be credited. Thanks though.

  13. I see there is a problem with some of my pictures. I need to find out what that’s all about, but in the meantime, I have posted Mr. Camp’s passport photo at the top of this page.

  14. By the way, I found Camp’s passport photo at

    The picture seen in the Wikipedia bio is not even him – it’s an actor who appeared in one of the movies based on his books.

  15. This is most generous of you. I will give you credit in my writing for all the help you provide.

  16. Bill, you have my email address, so send me an email as time allows, and I’ll give you what I could find re contact information for Camp family members.

  17. Bill, if you don’t already have this source, then give it a good read for the inside information it is regarding M’s relationship with her father. This is an interview given by MLC’s daughter, a psychotherapist. She blows the lid off the wartime-gassed-lungs myth and goes straight to why MLC made the story up as a smoke screen to her father’s alcoholism. The link will open directly to Josephine Franklin Jones’ interview

  18. Just ignore this ^ ^ ^ ^ since it’s already documented in the NYer piece you linked. In the NYer piece is that reference by the relative on CWC’s side denying the weak lungs, so using that relative [Francis Scarlett Mason Jr] I’m going to step you over to that side of the family which is the side you need illuminated.

    Francis Scarlett Mason Sr, Jacksonville FL, had 2 sons, Francis Scarlett Mason Jr. [now deceased, but is the one who was consulted for the NYer article]; and Camp Mason [also deceased]. Pertinent to your purposes is that a Jacksonville woman [Jean McCall] married Camp Mason, and together they had 3 children: Madeleine Camp Mason, Frances Scarlett Mason and Sidney McCall Mason.

    From the NYer piece: “her father caught pneumonia, and, according to L’Engle, his weakened lungs gave out. Francis Mason was fifteen years old, and the funeral was at his family’s house in Jacksonville.” Ok, so with this we have Francis Mason Jr. saying that Wadsworth Camp’s funeral was at his house in Jacksonville. Most likely, his brother Camp Mason was also there at the funeral. This is HIS side of the family, this is where to seek the information you need, because I think the blunt response you got from M’s daughters [who are keepers of the legacy, flame, and most of all the mythology of Madeleine] reflects their attitude toward their father.

    It’s the 3 kids of Camp Mason where I think you’ll get some solid information. I’m going to go see if I can find contact information for them [I do see a Facebook account for one of them], and will return with whatever I can find. Also, I’ll try to find contact info for Francis Jr’s children, they too may have photos and documents to share. How often is it that someone wants to write a respectful story about the Camp side of the family, probably never – something tells me they will be honored and overjoyed to contribute to a legitimate story about their side of the family.

    Back later.

  19. “…Madeleine L’Engle tells us that her mother, Madeleine Hall Barnett and her father, Charles Wadsworth Camp, were married in Jacksonville, Florida and went to nearby Saint Augustine for a brief honeymoon, where they stayed at the Ponce de Leon hotel. They then moved to New York, where Camp worked as…”

    How is it, then, that Madeleine’s Smith College yearbook published her residence as The Park Lane apartments, Jacksonville FL.

  20. You must forgive me Bill, LOOK how totally mixed up I was to call the L’Engle House @ corner of StJ and Powell the AVENT HOUSE!! and how wonderful is my new verb “poasting”? Sorry, I’m exhausted! Grew up surrounded by Barnetts and L’Engles and many of those old Jacksonville tribes, so I hope I can find threads of them to pull together for your research. Happy Birthday to your nephew! I’ll be back later w/ links….

  21. Thank you for that! I’m at my nephew’s birthday party right now but I would love to talk more about this.

  22. Hi again Bill. I too got sidetracked after poasting that brief vintage vid of WC on Tim’s FB page. Still very busy but wanted to correct Wayne Wood’s remarks on Teenie’s blog post re the “Avent House” corner of St. J. and Powell in which WW stated that the house was built early 1900s for Camillua and Gertrude L’Engle, and that their “only child” lived there following their deaths. Dr. Camillus Jr was NOT their only child, they also had a daughter who was a great friend of my Moms. I grew up amidst a ton of L’Engles and Fatios and can provide you a bunch of info plus heirs to contact. Meanwhile the sister of Camillus Jr died recently, here’s her obit. [In vintage photos of the beach house, you will see her mentioned/captioned as “Sister.”]

  23. That is an interesting inquiry! I may look further into it, but I don’t know where to begin.

  24. Hello.

    I had just been reading The Summer of the Great Grandmother and ran across the name “Charles Wadsworth Camp.” This intrigued me, because I know that Wadsworth is a venerable name in Connecticut history. Given that Camp came from a family with its own lengthy history in Connecticut, it seemed likely to me that there was a family connection.

    Do you know if Wadsworth Camp was descended from the Wadsworth family of colonial Connecticut?


  25. Thank you for the comment, Francine. Maybe we’ll learn more as time goes on.

  26. Francine Bernard Avatar
    Francine Bernard

    I was intrigued by Charles Camp when I googled Madeleine while reading “A Circle of Quiet.” I noticed the name Camp and wondered if she was related to Gregory Camp, who owned a beautiful home in Watch Hill, Rhode Island, where my grandmother often cooked, cleaned and catered cocktail parties in the 50’s and 60’s. And like you, I found little on Charles until I stumbled on your piece. Now I shall google Gregory, although I do not expect to find much. Oops, I had better expect to find much!

  27. […] could be a new lead in my investigation of Madeleine L’Engle’s father, Charles Wadsworth Camp. Thank you, Teenie Yogini! Check it out: Geeked […]

  28. I put the picture I took this morning on my blog, I was so excited I didn’t take any others, but I can in the morning. I’m sure I’ll be able to get more details about it too.

  29. I think there’s part of that missing…
    I just put it on my blog

  30. Can you post the pictures on my Facebook page? Here’s the link:

  31. I got so involved in other projects I never went looking for the location. I assumed it was torn down, but wanted to know where it was and what is there now. You say you have some pics? I would like to see them!

  32. I know this is an old entry, are you still looking for that house? I don’t think it’s in Jax beach any more, but it’s still intact. I can email pictures.

  33. No, Stephen, I’ve actually been kind of side-tracked with other projects.

  34. Bill any luck finding more detail?

    Stephen Dare

  35. […] right along with my Wadsworth Camp research, I just found out that Camp’s The Abandoned Room was originally as The Secret Room […]

  36. […] of the Wadsworth Camp short story, The Signal Tower, and the movie that was based on it. As part of my research on Charles Wadsworth Camp, I’ve already written about a film called The Last Warning (1929) that was based on […]

  37. Thank you for the comment! I’ve been perusing the Wheaton College archives online and they look very promising. I did speak to Lena Roy by email. She said she knew where there was a portrait of Charles Wadsworth Camp. I asked if she could take a picture of it and email it to me. A couple of days later she emailed me again to explain that her family considered it a personal item and preferred to keep it private.

  38. I just finished reading M. L’Engle’s Walking on Water: Reflections on Art and Christianity, which inspired me to look her up and find out about her family. Maybe you could find out more from her granddaughter Lena. I found a blog from her dated four years ago Maybe she can enlighten all of us about Charles Wadsworth Camp! Oh, and if you have access to Wheaton College, where they have all of Ms. L’Engle’s papers, there’s a box labeled Charles Wadsworth Camp’s genealogy.

  39. Thanks for the enthusiastic comment and for pointing out the date of birth discrepancy. I hadn’t realized I was showing two different years, but you are almost certainly correct in using 1879. I changed it to 1879 in the body of my essay. Feel free to share any further information about Mr. Camp that you find, and thanks again!

  40. What a marvelous article, and a marvelous site. I stumbled upon this while doing biographical research on Mr. Camp because of his story “The Signal Tower,” which was included in the book “The Best Short Stories of 1920.” I was surpised at his relation to Madeleine L’Engel. I have bookmarked this site and will come back to it soon to just browse. I did have one question for you, though. Your quote in green above references his birth year as 1879, but in the text of your entry, you give it as 1878. I see it both ways in other citations (i.e. Project Gutenberg, IMDB, etc.) I am using the 1879 date, because that it what is engraved on his gravestone in the picture above, but I just wanted to make sure that you don’t know something that the stonemason didn’t. Thanks again for a great article . . . first rate research.

  41. I paused in listening to “The Abandoned Room” to see what I could find about an author of whom I never heard and knew nothing and found my own curiosity enthralled with yours.

  42. Donna, thanks for the comment. The books of Charles Wadsworth Camp are already available for free in a number of places on the internet, as e-books, pdf, etc. All you have to do is search his name.

  43. Bill, I ran into your interesting site following a Madeline L’Engle distraction and will return to it soon to read some more. (After reading M L’E’s bio I got curious about where the money was from. It was obvious L’Engles family must have quite a bit.)

    Welcome to the world of non-digital information. After twenty years or so you will find even things that are wildly popular now are don’t exist in the library and will probably be harder to find on the internet. “Lost is Space” will never die, but have you ever seen an episode of “Land of the Giants”?

    I’m sure there is a lot more on paper, and more is becoming electronically available as people post things. If no one is maintaining copyright, Mr. CW Camp’s things may be available for you to post. He died in 36, so that is seventy six years. I haven’t read the latest law.

  44. […] my previous discussion of Charles Wadsworth Camp, I mentioned that several of Camp’s books later became films. I hope to track down all the movies […]

  45. […] in case you missed it, here are the results, so far, of my research. It’s not enough for the Master’s thesis I was hoping to […]

  46. […] thought information on Charles Wadsworth Camp was scarce, but that’s before I tried to find anything about Jessie Douglas Kerruish! So far, all […]

Leave a Reply